Getcwd() Method - Get Current Working Directory In Python Using The Os Module

Method Name:

os.getcwd

Method signature:

os.getcwd()

 

Return Value:

None

Overview:

  • The method os.getcwd() in Python returns the current working directory of a process.
  • Every process running under an operating system has an associated working directory, which is called as the current working directory of the process.
  • The current working directory of a process can be changed by calling the Python method os.chdir().
  • While referring any files only the file names or paths relative to the current working directory can be used instead of using absolute paths.

 

 

Example:

import os

 

# Get the current working directory

print("The current working directory is:")

print(os.getcwd())

 

# Create a file without specifying any path

# so as to create the file in the current working directory

fileName = "Contents.txt"

fileObject = open(fileName, "w+")

 

# Print the full path of the newly created file now

print("Full path of the created file is:")

print(os.path.realpath(fileName))

 

# Now create a new directory

os.mkdir('NewDirectory')

 

# Change the working directory to the newly created directory

os.chdir('NewDirectory')

 

# Print the current working directory

print("Current working directory after changing it:")

print(os.getcwd())

 

Output:

The current working directory is:

/Users/Python

Full path of the created file is:

/Users/Python/Contents.txt

Current working directory after changing it:

/Users/Python/NewDirectory

 

 


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